Size Matters: Inside The Tuas Mega-Port Expansion Project
As the maritime industry in Singapore successfully navigates through challenges such as slowing growth, rapid technological changes, and a tight labour market, it is imperative that ports find innovative ways to work more efficiently and capitalize on the opportunities available. That investment shows no signs of drying up anytime soon. The next significant landmark in the Port of Singapore’s evolution, the Tuas mega-port expansion project, is due for completion by 2040. Slated to be the world’s largest container terminal, the complex is being constructed in four phases, with the 20 million-TEU first stage set for delivery in 2021 at a cost of S$2.42bn (US$1.76bn).
With the construction of Phase 1 Beginning in April last year, the mega port is slated to open Progressively from 2021. The Tuas Terminal mega port will commence its first phase of operations in 2021 with two berths for ships. The port is aiming to be the worlds largest container terminal by replacing the port of Shanghai in the upcoming 2-3 years with all its new and advanced technologies and with super effective infrastructures.
Major Key Points Of Port To be Success:-
Singapore currently has five container terminals – Tanjong Pagar, Keppel, Brani, Pasir Panjang Terminal 1 and Pasir Panjang Terminal 2. Due to the frequent need to truck containers between terminals for transhipment, additional time and costs are incurred as a result of road congestions.
With the completion of the Tuas Terminal, all city terminals at Tanjong Pagar, Pasir Panjang, Keppel and Brani, will eventually be merged at Tuas. This consolidation of container port activities will not only result in increased efficiency in port operations due to the elimination of inter-terminals haulage but also comes at the right time with the expiration of port leases at Tanjong Pagar, Keppel and Brani in 2027.
The Tuas Terminal is expected to be the largest container terminal in the world, with a facility that will be able to cater to mega-vessels. In addition, the mega-terminal will also have a total capacity of up to 65 million twenty-foot equivalent units (TEUs), more than the combined 50 million TEUs capacity of the current city terminals.
Another key feature of the new port is the caissons. These large watertight chambers keep the water out by air pressure, allowing construction work to be carried out with ease. These concrete retaining structures are designed as the foundation of the Tuas Terminal Phase 1 and are one of the largest in the world. Each caisson weighs up to 15,000 tonnes and measures up to 28 metres tall (equivalent to the height of a 10 storey HDB block).
Using caissons to build the wharf structure is faster than traditional methods such as piling due to the shallow sea bed. A total of 222 caissons will form the permanent wharf structure of the work-in-progress mega-terminal, with 30 caissons already built as part of Phase 1 development.
With technological advances transforming most industries, the maritime industry is shifting towards a digital future as well. Plans to incorporate more automation, intelligent control systems and sustainable technologies into the new terminal shows how maritime players are harnessing new technologies to become more efficient and effective.
Some key innovations will include unmanned vehicles such as automated yard cranes, drones, data analytics and driver-less trucks for port transport, which will be used at the upcoming mega terminal. Additionally, port waters will also be managed using next-generation port operations systems. In particular, the Next Generation Vessel Traffic Management System helps with the early detection of hot spots and advising the best route for vessels to reach the berths safely and efficiently without congesting the port.
Precision and speed that comes with automated technologies will not only help in increasing the productivity of a tight labour market but also contributes to enhancing the safety and security of Singapore’s port waters.
Departing from the concept of an ordinary container terminal plans to develop Tuas Terminal into a maritime hub with storage facilities and commercial amenities are also in the pipeline.
To create greater efficiencies in overall port operations, the Maritime and Port Authority of Singapore (MPA) is looking at developing facilities such as warehouse and distribution centres at the mega port; currently, these are fragmented amongst different terminals in Singapore.
Combining both sports activities and lifestyle spaces through the utilization of both above-the-ground and underground spaces at the new terminal helps add life and vibrancy to the terminal. By getting the public interested to visit the port, also offers an opportunity for them to get a better understanding of the evolving maritime sector as well.
The maritime sector contributes around 7 per cent to Singapore’s overall GDP growth and currently employs over 170,000 workers. With this ongoing mega-project, more growth is expected in Singapore’s maritime sector. While the development of smarter ports creates a concern of technology taking away manual jobs, it also creates a demand for more port operators and marine engineers who are tech-savvy and ready for the future and offers opportunities for current maritime workers to upgrade their skills and develop their careers. With more jobs forecasted to be created in the maritime industry by 2025, this is probably the best time to join this vital, versatile, and resilient industry.